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Pitbull Coyote Mix: Facts About This Canine Hybrid

The pitbull coyote mix, which some call the coydog, is an extraordinary hybrid that brings together the loyalty and charm of the pitbull with the wild spirit of the coyote, resulting in a remarkable and loving companion that is sure to steal any dog lover’s heart.

It may appear like an unconventional choice for a pet, but a coydog can make a loving and loyal companion when you care for it properly. In this article, we explore the physical traits of the coyote pitbull mix, the history of the parent breeds, and the health concerns of the intriguing hybrid.

Understanding the Pitbull Coyote Mix

When you cross-breed a domestic dog like a pitbull terrier or a German shepherd with a coyote, the resulting hybrid has a unique appearance and an intriguing blend of characteristics from both parent dog breeds. Let’s explore the physical characteristics and history of parent breeds in the coyote pitbull mix.


Image by Dillondygert from Pixabay

When this breed came to the United States in the late 1800s, its role changed from a catch dog to a farm dog responsible for herding livestock and serving as a loyal guardian of the family and property. Unfortunately, this breed gained notoriety for its use in illegal dogfighting and led to breed-specific legislation in some areas.

The pitbull is a medium-sized, muscular breed known for its distinctive physical characteristics. It has a short, sleek coat that can come in various colors, including but not limited to shades of brown, black, white, and brindle. The head is broad, with a well-defined jawline and a distinctive furrowed brow.

Pitbulls have a stocky and athletic build: a deep chest, strong legs, and a powerful, whip-like tail. It’s between 18 and 21 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 30 and 85 pounds, depending on the specific lineage and breeding. The eyes are round and expressive, and erect or cropped ears stand erect.

It’s an intelligent, loyal, affectionate breed that loves pleasing the pet owner. These dogs are generally good with children and can be incredibly gentle when socialized and trained well.

Pitbulls are energetic and require regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy. They enjoy physical activities such as brisk walks, playtime, and agility training. Consequently, they can become restless and exhibit destructive behaviors due to inadequate exercise and mental stimulation.


Image by Melanie from Pixabay

This wild animal, scientifically known as Canis latrans, has a long and storied history in North America. Native to the continent, coyotes have existed for millions of years. 

Before European settlement, Native American tribes had a deep cultural connection with these animals, incorporating them into their myths, folklore, and rituals. Coyotes adapted remarkably well to human presence and expansion, making them one of the few large carnivores that thrived alongside humans. 

European settlers, initially perceiving them as pests, initiated widespread persecution, leading to population declines. However, despite centuries of hunting, trapping, and habitat changes, the coyote’s resilience and adaptability have allowed it to maintain a widespread presence across North America.

Coyotes belong to the Canidae family, which includes a diverse range of canids, such as wolves, foxes, and domestic dogs. Within this family, coyotes are under the genus Canis, along with their larger relatives like gray wolves. 

Coyotes display distinctive physical characteristics that set them apart from other canids. 

They’re medium-sized animals, with adult males weighing between 20 and 45 pounds, while females are slightly smaller. Their fur coloration varies widely, ranging from a grayish-brown to a reddish-brown hue, and their fur can change with the seasons. Coyotes have a bushy tail with a black tip, pointed ears, and a long, slender snout. 

They’re primarily crepuscular and nocturnal, meaning they’re most active at dawn, dusk, or night. The coyote and human or dog relationship is complicated, with this wild animal always making the latest news for its attacks. Its remarkable sense of smell, sharp vision, and excellent hearing make it an effective predator and scavenger. 

Coyotes are omnivorous, and their diet includes small mammals like rodents, rabbits, squirrels, birds, insects, fruits, and vegetation.

Characteristic of the Coydog Pitbull Mix: A Complete Guide

Now, let’s look at the physical appearance and behavioral traits of the cross-breed of pit bulls and coyotes. The physical appearance of this hybrid dog varies, influenced by the specific genes inherited from each parent. As such, the following are the general traits.

Size and Build

Coy dogs fall into the medium-sized category of dogs. Their height at the shoulder can range from 18 to 24 inches, and they usually weigh between 35 and 60 pounds. This size range positions them as moderately sized canines, making them adaptable to various living environments, from apartments to larger homes with yards.

Coat and Fur

The coat of a coyote pitbull mix can vary significantly. Some individuals may inherit the short, sleek coat of the pitbull, while others may have a denser, coarser coat reminiscent of their coyote heritage. Coat colors can also vary widely and may include shades of brown, tan, gray, black, or even a mix of these colors. The genetics also influence the coat’s texture and length.

Their heads may display the muscular and square-shaped appearance associated with pitbulls, along with the distinctively pointed snout of a coyote. Further, their eyes are almond-shaped and can vary in color, ranging from brown to hazel.

A coydog pitbull mix may inherit the prominent ears of a coyote, giving it excellent hearing abilities. Its tail can be straight or slightly curled, with bushy fur towards the tip, echoing the coyote’s tail but often not as long or thick.


These hybrids typically possess a strong, independent spirit inherited from their coyote parentage, but they also have the loyalty and affectionate nature of the pit bull. They require ample exercise to stay happy and healthy due to their active nature. A dog owner may notice territorial instincts, so proper training and socialization are essential.

Potential Health Concerns for the Coydog Pitbull Mix

While these hybrid dogs can be generally healthy, they may be prone to specific health issues that potential owners should be aware of. Here are some of the common health concerns:

Hip Dysplasia

It’s a genetic condition that affects the hip joints, causing pain and mobility issues. Both pit bulls and coyotes can be predisposed to hip dysplasia. Consequently, regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk.

Skin Issues

While a thick coat can provide protection, it can also make them prone to skin issues, such as allergies and hot spots.

Gastrointestinal Sensitivity

Some pit bulls have sensitive stomachs and may pass this trait to coydogs. These digestive issues include food allergies and intolerances. Hence, feeding them a high-quality diet and monitoring their food intake can help manage this concern.

Eye Problems

Pit bulls and coyotes may be susceptible to certain eye conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma. Hence, regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help detect and manage these issues.

Joint Problems

Pit bulls can be prone to joint issues like arthritis and may pass this vulnerability to their hybrid offspring. 

Parasites and Zoonotic Diseases

Coyotes are carriers of various parasites and zoonotic diseases.


Pitbull-coyote mixes are unique and fascinating canine companions. With proper training and love, a coydog can become a cherished family member, bringing joy and adventure into your life. First, check your local laws and regulations before considering this extraordinary hybrid as your new pet.

Further, Coydogs may inherit health issues from their parent breeds. Hence, they require regular vet check-ups and a suitable diet.


Are Pitbull-Coyote mixes legal as pets?

The legality of owning a hybrid as a pet varies by location. Some areas may have restrictions or bans on owning hybrids, so it’s crucial to check your local regulations before bringing one into your home.

Are coydogs aggressive?

Like any dog, a pitbull-coyote hybrid’s temperament largely depends on upbringing and socialization. Proper training and early exposure to various situations can help prevent aggressive behaviors.

What are the exercise requirements for coydogs?

These active dogs require a form of exercise daily. Activities such as brisk walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are essential to keep them happy and healthy.

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